Split is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea, centered in the Roman Palace of the Emperor Diocletian. Spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings, Split’s greater area includes the neighboring seaside towns as well. An inter-regional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is a link to numerous Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula.
Split is one of the oldest cities in the area. While it is traditionally considered just over 1,700 years old counting from the construction of Diocletian’s Palace in 305 CE, archaeological research relating to the original founding of the city as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 4th century BCE establishes the urban history of the area as being several centuries older. The city turned into a prominent settlement around 650 AD, when it became successor to the ancient capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia, Salona: as after the Sack of Salona by the Avars and Slavs, the fortified Palace of Diocletian was settled by the Roman refugees. Split became a Byzantine city, to later gradually drift into the sphere of the Byzantine vassal, the Republic of Venice, and the Croatian Kingdom, with the Byzantines retaining nominal suzerainty. For much of the High and Late Middle Ages, Split enjoyed autonomy as a free city, caught in the middle of a struggle between Venice and the king of Hungary for control over the Dalmatian cities.
Venice eventually prevailed and during the early modern period Split remained a Venetian city, a heavily fortified outpost surrounded by Ottoman territory. Eventually, its hinterland was won from the Ottomans in the Morean War of 1699, and in 1796, as Venice fell to Napoleon, the Treaty of Campo Formio rendered the city to the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1805, the Peace of Pressburg added it to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, and in 1809, after the Treaty of Schönbrunn, it was included directly in the French Empire, as part of the Illyrian Provinces. After Napoleon’s defeat in 1814, it was eventually granted to the Austrian Empire, where the city remained a part of the Austrian Kingdom of Dalmatia until the fall of Austria-Hungary in 1918 and the formation of Yugoslavia. During World War II, the city was annexed by Italy, then liberated by the Partisans after the Italian capitulation in 1943. It was then re-occupied by Germany. The city was liberated again by the Partisans in 1944, and was included in the post-war Federal Yugoslavia as part of the republic of Croatia. In 1991 Croatia separated from Yugoslavia after the Croatian War of Independence.
Split Now and what to do:
Today Split is a very famous touristic place that can offer different kinds of enjoyment, no matter what the age, preferences and interests are. It’s variety of features gives you the opportunity to experience something new every day. It is very much alive and will definitely leave you breathless.
The center of Split is the old part of town where most of the monuments are situated. You can take a guided tour there and learn all about the history and the most important places.
You can also take a walk on your own. There are a lot of small streets and if you walk through them you will find many interesting and cozy places of your taste. There are a lot of bars and restaurants, but not just that. You will find a lot of small shops with home made jewelry and accessories, small family owned bakeries, hidden places where people from Split go and many, many more.
At the very peak of Split there is a park forest called Marjan. It is covered in a dense Mediterranean pine forest and completely surrounded by the city and the sea, making it a unique sight. Originally used as a park by the citizens as early as the 3rd century, it is a favorite weekend excursion destination and a recreational center for the city. It is also the setting for numerous beaches and jogging trails as well as tennis courts and walking paths, all surrounded by the scenic forest. The tip of the peninsula houses the Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries. In the park you can rent a bike and visit the peak from where you can see the town and islands and on your way back have a coffee in and enjoy the sight.
If you want to have some fun and party the best place to go is Bačvice beach. It’s just a few minutes walk east of the city center. The beach is very big and there are many bars, bistros and restaurants open during the day. During the night it becomes a party place with a lot of clubs with different kinds of music where you can relax and enjoy Split night life.
Things you can do for free:
Things to do for very small price:
We will help you with everything you may need. Will will give you advice for thing you can do according to you wishes. There are many thing to see and do for free and small prices. You can ask us anything you want. Our goal is to make you experience in Croatia the best possible and we will do what is needed to achieve exactly that. Doesn’t matter if you want a calm or active holiday, we will make it happen.
We hope to see you soon!